Karnataka: The Source
In the State of Karnataka, our roots, our land and our climate are the catalysts which make us the source of these smart foods. A source that is ancient yet futuristic. An ancient knowledge from India and Karnataka, which belongs to the world. That opens new opportunities for farmers, consumers and businesses.
Our farmers have combined indigenous and innovative methods to pioneer the organic and millet agriculture movement. With lesser inputs required, yet abundant gains to be reaped, millets and organics are good for the planet, the farmer and for our health. Organic agriculture sector in the State is gaining momentum with markets experiencing double digit growth year-on-year. Millets have emerged on the scene as the new nutricereals. Millets and organics are fast emerging as the Next Gen Smart Foods, being highly nutritious, farmer friendly and ecologically sound.
Celebrating Karnataka as the Source of Next Gen Smart foods, the Department of Agriculture, Government of Karnataka, under the guidance of Hon’ble Minister
for Agriculture, Shri. Shivashankara Reddy, is organising ‘Organics & Millets 2019 International Trade Fair’. The Fair will address all aspects of the value chain, from farm to shelf, in organic and millet segments. It aims to create/enhance new markets and opportunities in organics and millets.
We invite Farmers, Food Industry Representatives, Buyers, Sellers, Distributors,
Agripreneurs, Scientists and Activists from across the world to discover the source and explore opportunities in Organics and Millets, the Next Gen Smart Foods.
We welcome you to the Organics and Millets 2019 International Trade Fair, Bengaluru.
Nutrition. Sustainable Agriculture. Farmer Security. New Markets. Next Gen Smart Foods
Across the world, with growing dietary and lifestyle related challenges, we are looking for a new source of regeneration. One that will lead to sustainable development ideas which complement the creation of new opportunities for farmers, consumers and industry.
It’s time for each of us to discover the source. Next Gen Smart Foods are the solution. Millets are one answer and organics the other.
- The new health source that can meet the nutritional needs of a soaring global population.
- A new business source for industry to directly connect with farmers.
- A new market source to secure the interests of our farmers.
- A sustainable source that is good for our planet.
- A nutrition source that is good for us
- A future source of conscious consumers.
Organic agriculture has seen significant growth in India, especially over the last decade. Endowed with many agro-climatic regions, our nation has immense potential to produce all varieties of organic and millet products.
In several parts of India, organic and millet farming is an inherited tradition and knowledge, which offers opportunities for organic and millet producers to tap into a steadily growing domestic and international market
The total volume of export during 2017-18 was 4.58 lakh MT, worth Rs. 3,454 Cr (USD 515 million). USA, Canada, European Union, Switzerland, Australia, Israel, South Korea, Vietnam, Japan and New Zealand were major importers.
Oilseeds lead the value realization at 47.6%, followed by Cereals and Millets at 10.4%. Plantation crops such as Tea and Coffee add 8.96%, followed by Dry Fruits 8.88%,
Spices and condiments 7.76% etc.
Trends of Export in 2016-17
Total Exports (volume)
3.039 lakh ton
Total Export (value)
Rs. 2,478 Cr (USD 370 Million)
Organic Farmland 2016
Organic Producers 2016
Organic Market 2016
A Global Revolution
The global search for the source of nutrition, sustainable agriculture and farmer welfare is fuelling a revolution in organics and millets. From being harvesters we are changing, in search for new alternatives in food that can sustain not only us but also future generations. Organics and millets are the solution.
As of 2016, globally, over 57.8 million hectares, i.e 1.2 % of total agricultural land is being managed organically. The region with the maximum organic agricultural land is Oceania with 27.3 million ha, followed by Europe with 13.5 million ha. Apart from cultivated organic farmlands, the area under wild cultivation is over 39.7 million ha.
The global organic market stands at USD 89.7 billion with USA being the largest importer (USD 46.3 billion. Global markets are estimated to grow by 16% to reach USD 100 billion by 2020.
In Asia, nearly 4.9 million ha of land is organically cultivated. While contributing to 8% of global organic agriculture land, this has 40% of the world’s organic producers.
Area in Million hectares
Opportunities and Support provided by Dept. of Agriculture,
Govt. of Karnataka
Karnataka stands as the 5th largest State in India in terms of area and production under organic certification (fully certified plus in-conversion). The major export markets are USA and Europe and the demand for organics are increasing rapidly. The crops that Karnataka can supply as organic certified and tap the expanding demands are in a wide range, including rice, millets, fruits, vegetables, chillies, ginger, medicinal and aromatic crops, soybean and sesame among others.
The climate and a diverse production base offer immense opportunities for the State. Our farmers have combined innovative and indigenous methods to pioneer the organic and millet movement to overcome challenges of conventional chemical agriculture, excessive dependence on external inputs, and high cost of cultivation.
Organic Farming has witnessed steady growth over the past decade with the certified area increasing from a mere 2,500 ha in 2004 to 86,945 ha in 2017–18.
The organic trade in 2017 is touching Rs. 4,500 Cr, which is only 0.75% of the global organic trade (Rs. 6,00,000 Cr). India has the potential to reach at least Rs. 10,000 Cr by 2020 (USD 2.0 billion). Karnataka therefore can plan to make a good share of this.
Karnataka was the first Indian State to formulate Organic Farming Policy in 2004, and simultaneously a revised Policy during 2017.
Karnataka State Organic Farming Policy
At a glance
- Integrated, holistic approach towards organic farming
- Encouragement towards biomass production, mixed farming and biodiversity
- Emphasis on renewable energy sources
- Integration of Animal Husbandry with crop production for a natural ecological balance
- Soil and water conservation including rain water harvesting
- Implementation through NGOs, Farmers’Associations, Farmers’ Clubs, Co-operatives, SHGs and through single window approach
Programs under Organic Farming Policy
The Organic Farming policy has initiated the following programs in Karnataka.
- Organic Village/Site programme
- Conversion of farms under State Govt. and SAUs for organic cultivation
- Documentation of Organic Farming practices to develop packages of practices
- Research in Organic and Millet Farming
- Training, publicity and propaganda of organics and millets
- Organic and Millet Trade Fairs and Exhibitions
- Market development for organic and millet produce
- Pesticide residue analysis laboratories
Savayava Bhagya Yojane More Support for Organic Farmers
The Govt. of Karnataka has initiated Savayava Bhagya Yojane in 2013-14. A mega programme , this is an extension of the earlier Organic village/site programme to Hobli level with few modifications viz developing good marketing linkages to the organic produce of the state.
At a glance
- Implemented in 571 hoblis of the state across 100 ha.
- Collaborating with NGOs
- Beneficiary farmers organised into associations and registered
- Site Committee formed to prepare action plan for implementation
- Area under SBY registered for group certification through KSSOCA
- District organic farming steering committee under the chairmanship of Joint director of Agriculture to approve action plans, inspection & monitoring
- Advisory Committee (Technical Committee) under the chairmanship of Director of Agriculture and District level Steering committee under the chairmanship of District joint Director of Agriculture.
- High level committee under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Minister for Agriculture for monitoring and implementation of the Programme
The Department of Horticulture, Government of Karnataka has initiated formation of Farmer Producer Organizations (FPOs) during 2014-15 with the management support of Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC), New Delhi. The scheme supports horticulture farmers to increase their productivity level and also income resulting in livelihood security. The major objective of the scheme is to promote economically viable, self governing in a democratic manner. The concept of FPO is to focus on formation of Farmer Interest Groups (FIG) consisting of 20 farmers in each group, 50 such FIGs will form one FPO, so that each FPO will have 1,000 members.
The strategy in this project is to provide the required assistance and resources such as inputs, technical knowledge, and infrastructure for post harvest management, value addition and marketing linkages. These activities will be coordinated and supported by a qualified Resource Institution (RI) appointed by SFAC, New Delhi.
During 2014-15, Department of Horticulture has formed 58 FPOs under Comprehensive Horticulture Development (CHD), Beekeeping, Vegetable Initiative for Urban Clusters (VIUC), National Horticulture Mission (NHM) & Sujala – III programmes covering about 58,000 farmers. Another 34 FPOs during 2015-16 were initiated to cover 34,000 farmers.
A new State FPO policy is being brought out to encourage more commodity oriented FPOs.
- For FPO formation and maintenance, the Department of Horticulture has deposited approximately Rs. 35 lakhs per FPO for total 3 years to SFAC, New Delhi.
- 28.79 Cr has been deposited till date for formation and maintenance of 92 FPOs.
- The Department has provisioned working capital assistance of Rs. 25 lakhs and 90% subsidy for infrastructure up to Rs. 100 lakhs per FPO.
- From the year 2015-16, Rs. 1,350 lakhs has been provided to 90 registered FPOs as Working Capital and Rs. 1,866.20 lakhs for 90 registered FPOs as 90% assistance for establishing Custom Hiring Centre (CHC).
The Department of Agriculture, Govt. of Karnataka has facilitated the formation of 14 Regional Federations of organic farmers associations to provide an organized market for the State’s organic produce. Organic farmer associations in each Holbi are federated into federations at the district level.
Through these Federations, post harvest activities viz. collection, grading, value addition, processing, packaging, brand development and marketing of organic produce are being taken up apart from consumer awareness programs and other activities.
A key aim of the Federations is to eliminate the middlemen in the marketing of organic produce, thereby providing remunerative prices to organic farmers which would in turn improve their economic conditions by offering higher returns.
A central level Federation is being proposed by integrating all district level federations.
- To encourage bulk and quality production of organic produce through group approach, capacity building, technology transfer and hand holding support to groups in the initial years.
- To strengthen infrastructural facilities for collection, grading, value addition, processing, packaging of organic produce.
- To create direct market linkages between organic farmers/ associations and retailers, bulk marketeers and exporters.
- To ensure publicity and consumer awareness to expand the domestic market as well as the export market for Karnataka’s organic produce
Organic Produce: From Indian Farms to the World Markets
At present the Indian Organic Food sector is being driven primarily by exports comprising about Rs. 2,100 Cr and the domestic certified market (organised sector) is estimated at Rs. 250 Cr-300 Cr. A major component is certified cotton exports, estimated at Rs. 1,100 Cr. Current Indian exports are predominantly non value added commodities.
Trends of Export in 2015-16